Subject Code :- HLT1RAE
Title :- PICO And Research Article Summary
Weighting :- 10%
SILO 1: Explain the relative merits and uses of the different types of evidence used in practice
SILO 2: Develop an effective search strategy to address practice-based research questions
HLT1RAE PICO And Research Article Summary Assessment
Why are you doing this assessment?
This assignment asks you to develop a search strategy to find research to address a clinical scenario. This directly links to a learning outcome (SILO 2) for the subject. It is also an important skill for you to develop for your time as a student and for your future career.
The assignment also asks for you to identify key parts of a research article. This directly links to a learning outcome (SILO 1) for the subject. The aim of this part of the assignment is to encourage you to read and understand a research article.The process of understanding the article and the feed back you will receive following completion will assist you to develop your critical appraisal assignment Assignment 3). The same article is used in assignments 2 and 3.
What you need to do:
This assessment consists of two sections
Section 1 is made up of 5 questions (questions 1 to 5). In this first section you will need to create a PICO and search strategy after considering the scenario. As a reminder.
The scenario and questions appear on the next page and can also be found in the Assessment 2 section of the LMS.
Section 2 is made up of 13 questions (questions 6 to 18). In this second section you will need to identify key parts of a research article as directed in the questions.Please only use the research article provided below or in the assessment 2 section of the LMS. The reference of the article is as follows and is also attached in the LMS:
Consider the following clinic scenario
You are a physiotherapist working in a private clinic A 52-year-old man attends and complains of pain in his knee. The man has visited his GP and has received a confirmed diagnosis of knee osteoarthritis. The diagnosis was reached after assessing clinical symptoms and X-rays.The man is other wise healthy has no on going medical conditions and is not taking any medications. He also has a Body Mass Index that is in the healthy range.
You consider treatment option for your patient. Usually you prescribe physical therapy to reduce pain for people with knee osteoar thritis. How ever you have recently received information about how Tai Chi can be used instead of physical therapy to reduce pain associated with knee osteoarthritis.
Before designing a treatment plan for you patient you decide to search for literature to help you to make decision about the best treatment approach to take
To search for appropriate literature you need to create a usable search strategy Use the information in the clinical scenario to create a PICO and usable search string to search for literature in MEDLINE.
For questions 1-4 1 mark will be awarded if the PICO element is appropriate for the clinical scenario
For question 5 a mark will be awarded if the search string is appropriate for the clinical scenario. The string is appropriate if it meets the following requirements
• The search strategy included appropriate keywords with appropriate wild cards and Boolean operators.
• The results of the search includes articles that will address the clinical scenario.
• The search strategy is usable (does not contain more than 100 results)
• The search strategy includes the article that is used in section 2 of this assignment
Section 1 questions
1.For the PICO that you have created, what is the ‘P’?
2.For the PICO that you have created, what is the ‘I’?
3.For the PICO that you have created, what is the ‘C’?
4.For the PICO that you have created, what is the ‘O’?
5.Using your 4 PICO elements that you have identified create a search string that can be used for a search in MEDLINE. Include all appropriate wildcards and Boolean operators.
Consider the article below:
Carefully read the article and find the information that answers each of the questions below. Enter your response into the corresponding field in the template. There is no need to paraphrase your response. It is acceptable to use the text directly from the article
HLT1RAE PICO And Research Article Summary Assessment
For questions 5-20 1 mark will be awarded when the correct information from the research article is saved in the appropriate field in the template.
Section 2 questions
6.What was the aim (goal) of the study?
7.Where and when did the study take place?
8.How were participants recruited into the study?
9.List ALL the criteria that participants must fulfill to be included into the study?
10. List ALL the criteria that excluded participants from entry into the study?
11.Were the participants that were included into the study randomised into groups. If they were state how the participants were randomised?
12.How many people were assigned to the Tai Chi group at the beginning of the study and how many completed the week 52 evaluation?
13.How many people were allocated into the physical therapy group at the beginning of the study and how many completed the week 52 evaluation?
14. What was the procedure for the Tai Chi intervention group what were the participants in the Tai Chi group required to do)?
15.What was the procedure for the physical therapy control group What were the participants in the physical therapy group required to do)?
16.What was the primary outcome, and how was it measured?
17. What was the between group difference in the WOMAC pain score at the week 12 time point. Include the mean difference and confidence interval the numbers in brackets?
18.What were the conclusions of the study?
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